Hyperpigmentation is caused by overproduction of melanin (pigment/colour) in scattered or patchy format in the skin. Unwanted skin pigmentation is often associated with sun damage. In cosmetic dermatology, we divide skin pigmentation into two broad groups:
1. Sun spots, freckles – Non Hormonal Hyperpigmentation
2. Malasma – Hormonal Pigmentation
Hormonal hyperpigmentation most commonly appears during pregnancy or with the use of contraceptive pills. UV radiation triggers it. Melasma/chloasma known as the ‘pregnancy mask’ usually appears in a symmetrical fashion over the face. Avoiding further UV exposure and the use of pigment controlling products known as ‘Tyrosinase Inhibitors’ are important in controlling the production of melanin (pigment/colour) in the skin. Increasing the turnover of skin cells through exfoliation will lighten discolouration. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding you must avoid products containing Salicylic Acid & Vitamin A (retinol), and opt instead for Lactic Acid or Enzymes. It is essential to ensure strict use of a high-quality SPF product every day when treating hyperpigmentation.
This is due to sun damaged skin.
How to treat skin pigmentation:
A comprehensive skin pigmentation management plan often involves:
• Minimising ongoing sun damage
• Topical Skin Products & treatments
• Dermatological Lasers & Light treatments
• Regular Skin check by your doctor to rule out any skin cancers
• Prescription only skin products
There are a few factors to consider when treating this challenging skin condition. The use of pigment controlling products known as ‘Tyrosinase Inhibitors’ will control the production of melanin in the skin, preventing the formation of new sun spots. Increasing the turnover of skin cells through exfoliation will lighten discolouration. Vitamin A (retinol) is key to normalising the melanin activity as well as being resurfacing. Using antioxidants will help protect against further damage. Vitamin C works specifically to brighten the skin. When treating hyperpigmentation strict daily use of high-quality SPF products is essential.
At My Skin Solution™, we have chosen some of the best medical grade topical skin products to help control skin pigmentation.
If you are not sure which products to choose, please ﬁll in our Online Skin Consult form and we will be able to give you professional advice.